Forklift Types

Forklift Types

Date:Oct 27, 2020

Forklifts can generally be divided into three categories: internal combustion forklifts, electric forklifts and storage forklifts.

Internal combustion

Internal combustion forklifts are divided into ordinary internal combustion forklifts, heavy forklifts, container forklifts and side forklifts.

① Ordinary internal combustion forklift

Generally, diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas engines are used as power. The load capacity is 1.2 to 8.0 tons, and the working channel width is generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Taking into account exhaust emissions and noise issues, it is usually used outdoors, workshops or other exhaust gas Places with no special requirements for emissions and noise. Due to the convenience of fuel replenishment, it can achieve long-term continuous operation and can work in harsh environments (such as rain).

② Heavy forklift

Diesel engine is used as power, with a carrying capacity of 10.0-52.0 tons, and is generally used for outdoor operations in heavy cargo wharfs, steel and other industries.

③ Container forklift

Using diesel engine as power, carrying capacity of 8.0 to 45.0 tons, generally divided into empty container stacker, heavy container stacker and container reach stacker. Used in container handling, such as container yard or port terminal operations.

④ Side forklift

The diesel engine is used as the power, and the carrying capacity is 3.0 to 6.0 tons. In the case of not turning, it has the ability to fork goods directly from the side, so it is mainly used to fork long goods, such as wooden strips and steel bars.


Use electric motors as power and batteries as energy sources. The carrying capacity is 1.0 to 8.0 tons, and the working channel width is generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Because there is no pollution and low noise, it is widely used in indoor operation and other environmentally demanding conditions, such as medicine, food and other industries. As people pay more attention to environmental protection, electric forklifts are gradually replacing internal combustion. 

forklift types

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